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Common Writing Snafus: Over-Expressed Emotions -- by Angela Ackerman

Emotions can be the most difficult to convey (this is why Becca and I built the Emotion Thesaurus!) Not only do we need to express without telling, we have to show the emotion in a fresh way, make sure it feels genuine and have it match the character's expressive range. Add that to highlighting action and minimizing internal sensations and thoughts? It's a lot to juggle.

Common ways to show emotion:

Physical Action (beats): gestures, movement, ticks & tells that express emotion

Internal Sensations: bodily reaction known only to the POV character

Thoughts: reactive & emotionally charged thoughts caused by stimulus

Dialogue: revealing emotion verbally (and sometimes showing by what is not said!) 

POV Narrative: internal musings/reflection delivered by a POV character toward a situation or setting

A balance of these elements creates a satisfying window into the  character's emotional state, but too much causes an  overload of sensory information. It slows the pace, creates melodrama  and disrupts the reader's belief in both the character and the events  unfolding.

Over-expressing occurs when we try too hard to reinforce an emotional state to the reader. Here's an example of how this can happen. First, we need an emotion. Let's go with GUILT.

Mrs Henderson lifted her day planner and rifled through the papers on her desk. "I don't understand--the stapler was here right before lunch. Did someone use it and forget to put it back?"
  Amanda slid down in her seat, heat burning through her. Stupid! Why did I take it?

A very simple situation--not a lot is needed to get into Amanda's emotional state, right? Internal and external cues work together.

So what if I did this instead:


Amanda fumbled her library book open and shoved her nose deep into the pages so she wouldn't have to look at the teacher.

Okay, again, this works.

Or this:

Amanda shifted in her seat, grazing her knee on the bottom of her desk. What if the teacher knew? What if she asked everyone to pull out their desk trays?

Yep, still showing guilt, blending external cues and thoughts, which gives her guilt a paranoid edge.

Now...what if we put it all together?

Amanda fumbled her library book open and shoved her nose deep into the pages so she wouldn't have to look at the teacher. Shifting about, she slid down in her seat and her knee grazed the bottom of her desk where she'd hid the stapler. Heat burned through her. What if the teacher knew? What if she asked everyone to pull out their desk trays?  Stupid! Why did I take it?

WAY too much showing for this simple scenario and a medium level emotion, isn't it? Can you imagine if I'd chosen a situation rife with stronger emotions, like a character running for their life or witnessing a murder?

The trick to finding a good balance of emotional showing is remembering that Readers are smart. They will pick up on the emotion without it being hammered into them. A few strong bits of showing is almost always better than a  weighty clump of detail.

Like all areas of writing, this gets easier with PRACTICE. As you hone your Writer's Intuition, you become a better judge of just how many cues are needed to get the character's emotion across. Trust in your showing skills!

ANGELA ACKERMAN is a CC member and Moderator, as well as a co-author of the bestselling writing guide, The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide To Character Expression. When she isn't dreaming up cereal monsters or writing about Greek Mythology pychopaths, she blogs at The Bookshelf Muse, a description hub for writers and teachers.

Posted by Angela Ackerman 3 Aug 2013 at 04:20
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Responses to this blog

Sheridan 3 Aug 2013 at 11:52  
Thanks for the reminder to pay attention to the 'line' when it comes to putting our characters emotions on the page.

Leopisano 5 Aug 2013 at 08:41  
Great post, Angela!
Overdoing creeps in very easily.

Intpsych 5 Aug 2013 at 13:38  
I've been away. Your post helped me realize how much I've missed CC.
Fali 18 Sep 2013 at 01:14  
I tend to be way emotional. : Pity me! Its my life story. This was helpful, thanks!
Mhtritter 18 Sep 2013 at 23:51  
Great explanation. I cringed a little at the example, yes, I am guilty too. I love the fix of learning to trust your audience.

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