The Critique Circle Blog

The CC Blog is written by members of our community.
Do you want to write a blog post? Send Us a blog request

  • View all blogs
  • Go to thread

Emotion-Charged Settings -- by Angela Ackerman

Sometimes when we write, we become so obsessed with the characters and events unfolding, we forget to pay attention to the Setting.  Conflict and Action are important, don’t get me wrong, but Setting is no wallflower. Used correctly, it becomes a powerful amplifier for emotion.  

Setting...The Hidden Character 

Imagine if you set a character loose in your story whose only job was to put your Hero off balance. Hmm, smells like tension, doesn’t it? Setting is this hidden character! Choosing the right location for a story event can increase tension, provide mood and offer emotional contrasts, throwing your main character off his game. This makes him more reactive and volatile which leads to bad choices and mistakes...creating great conflict!

This all sounds good, but how do we know which Setting to pick for each scene?


4 Ways to Use Setting For Emotional Impact

Make it Meaningful

Setting can pull double duty by symbolizing something to your character, good or bad. Is it a place of safety, or discomfort? Does it stir up old memories? For example, if a character accidentally started a fire in his cooking class and it led to a school evacuation, if he returns to the classroom a year later,  the echo of embarrassment will return. Knowing your character deeply and understanding what might bother them (or put them at ease if it serves your purpose) allows you to pick a Setting that will encourage your desired emotion to build. This can help increase tension during the scene.

Use Symbols to Trigger Emotion

Symbols hold power. They can foreshadow what is to come and trigger an emotional reaction from characters. If your hero grew up on his grandparents’ farm, he may feel a surge of lightness at noticing a symbol from that time, like an old tractor tire converted to a flower rockery in someone’s backyard.  Common symbols will also have an emotional effect on your reader.  If your character passes a graveyard on the way home from work, it brings about the feeling of death. The reader on some level will be ill at ease and may expect that something bad will happen.  (For a list of symbols to use in writing, check out the Symbolism Thesaurus!)

Contrast can be Powerful

If the hero is filled with rage and about to rearrange the villain’s face for slashing all the tires on his car, a writer might be tempted to set the scene at night, on a deserted street with the air so cold it bites. What if instead the hero confronts the villain at the county fair on a bright blue day, with carousel music and popcorn smells and squealing kids bouncing the balloons tethered to their wrists? Think about how that level of rage stands out against such a happy, family-oriented Setting.

In your own life, how often does bad news come on a gloomy, rain filled day? Does it wait until you have time for it, or for you to be in the mood to receive it? No. Setting is an opportunity to create a contrast that forces the reader to pay attention to the emotions at work and understand their depth.

 Play with Light and Dark

A different mood will emerge in any Setting depending on if it is dark or light. Think about the time of day it is in your scene--predawn, sunrise, mid day, nightfall, etc.  How can time of day, shadow or light help bring out certain types of emotions?  Weather can also add atmosphere to the Setting, causing roadblocks, deepening the emotional value or complicate the situation. Be wary of weather clichés of course, but use everything in your arsenal to power up your Settings!


ANGELA ACKERMAN is a CC member and Moderator, as well as a co-author of the bestselling writing guide, The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer's Guide To Character Expression. When she isn't dreaming up cereal monsters or writing about Greek Mythology pychopaths, she blogs at The Bookshelf Muse, a description hub for writers and teachers.

Posted by Angela Ackerman 18 Jul 2013 at 08:32
Do you want to write for the Critique Circle Blog? Send us a message!

Responses to this blog

Sheridan 18 Jul 2013 at 23:17  
Thanks for this post! I really like the idea of contrasting setting with the MC's emotions/actions and hadn't considered that before. It's always great to get another tool in the belt.
Lindymoon 19 Jul 2013 at 10:27  
Great insight, as always. You have a knack for giving us days' worth of things to think about in one short post.

Like Sheridan, I especially like the idea of contrasting setting with emotion. How exciting (and/or poignant) that sort of scene can be, as long as it isn't used so often as to become predictable. (Unless it's for comic effect. Imagine readers thinking, "Uh, oh, there's another rainbow. Somebody's gonna get eaten...")

Setting can be manipulated to show hope or despair in stark relief, or even for comic relief. It has a subliminal effect that, ironically, we all should be aware of.

(And yay for reminding us about weather clich?s.)
Momzilla 19 Jul 2013 at 15:25  
Thanks guys—so glad this helps!

I think taking the time to really challenge ourselves on why a scene is taking place in a certain location is worth the effort. Often with a bit of thought we can come up with a better, more meaningful place, one that helps to play off the character's emotions. Symbolism and mood elements (especially weather) require a bit of finesse to avoid brushing against cliches, but if we think deeper, it works well to reinforce emotions in the reader's mind and create that empathy link, making the scene more vivid and meaningful.

So much can be done through setting, so it should never "just be a backdrop" the the scene's events!

Happy writing!

Lindymoon 21 Jul 2013 at 05:58  
When I was a kid, I watched "The Young and the Restless" in the summertime at a friend's house. The world stopped for that hour, as everyone in her family gathered around the TV. Outside, birds were chirping, sunflowers growing so fast you could almost hear their growing pains.

And there we were, watching scene after scene of talking heads in dark rooms spouting melodramatic dialog. I remember thinking that maybe they couldn't afford to go outside, or to pay the electric bill, or to get a life. Next time, I went outside — and dragged my friend with me.
Breeze 21 Jul 2013 at 09:32  
Great writing helpers here—thanks for sharing!
Momzilla 21 Jul 2013 at 23:43  
Haha, I love that Lindymoon! & happy this helps, Breeze.
Leopisano 5 Aug 2013 at 08:48  
Just to add: the emotion setting is best to be written from the POV angle. In this way, the same setting 'feels' different. The way the mc perceives the environment sets the mood stronger than the narrator telling us.
Momzilla 6 Sep 2013 at 23:15  
Yes, absolutely. This is the best way to pull the reader into the character's experience, and make them feel part of the scene.

Respond to this blog

Please log in or create a free Critique Circle account to respond to this blog

Member submitted content is © individual members.
Other material is ©2003-2020
Back to top